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Goodword 

ISLAMIC STUDIES 



A Graded Course 


GOODWORD 


Grade 6 







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goodwordbooks.com 



TeH Ml Almt 

MUHAMMAD* 

UliaMVlW*** Mc^k^Hi»ljl»kSilin|nunt 




Tell Me, About 

MUSA 












Goodword 


ISLAMIC STUDIES 



This course has been designed to present the young 
students a comprehensive Islamic education, comprising 
general Islamic knowledge based on the Quran and 
Hadith. Instead of teaching moral principles directly, they 
are taught through themes chosen from the Quran and 
other Islamic Sources. Though basically intended for use 
as a school textbook, it is also an ideal tool for home 
schooling involving both the parents and children. In 
this way children will not only learn the ethical values 
conveyed by the message of Islam but will also be 
stimulated to want to know more about Islamic 
teachings when they grow up. 


pmmtu - 

www.goodwordbooks.com 


ISBN 81-7898-052-5 


Goodword 

Islamic Studies 



A Graded Course 
Grade 6 


Saniyasnain Khan 


600DW0RD 



First published 2005 
Reprinted 2012 
© Goodword Books 2012 

Goodword Books 
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Tel. 121-773-0137 
Fax: 121-766-8577 

e-mail: info@ipci-iv.co.uk, www.islamicvision.co.uk 

Non-Profit Bookstore 
Talim-ul-lslam Community Center 
86 Rivalda Road, Toronto ON M9M 2M8, Canada 
Tel. 416-740-7844 

email: lugatulquran@hotmail.com, www.LQToronto.com 

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Printed in India 


CONTENTS 


1 The True Faith — Man 4 

2 The Two Brothers 9 

3 The Five Pillars of Islam 13 

4 Story of Two Gardens 19 

5 Islam — A World of Love and Peace 23 

6 The Angel and the three men 24 

7 Prayers — Salat 28 

8 Travels of the Prophet Ibrahim 33 

9 Offering Prayers 37 

10 Prayers of the Prophet 46 

11 I Love Eid 50 

12 The Baby in the River 51 

13 Thank You, Allah! 57 

14 A Treasury of Hadith 58 

15 A Surah from the Quran 63 



The True Faith — I man 


The word, iman literally means, “to know,” “to believe,” “to 
put one’s trust in something or someone.” In Islamic Shariah, iman 
means putting one’s entire trust in, and having complete faith in Allah, 
His Prophet and His message. 


Therefore, one who puts his entire trust in Allah should not only 
testify to his faith by word of mouth, but must also accept it with all 
his heart and soul and then staunchly adhere to it. Furthermore, he is 
obliged to do good works in keeping with the fundamentals of the 
faith. Both belief (iman) and right action ( amal ) are absolutely vital. 

Acceptance of Allah as your Lord is like making a promise to 
place Him at the centre of your life, so that He may become the pivot 
of your thoughts and emotions. It means entrusting yourself to Him 
entirely, and focussing all your hopes and aspirations, fears and 
entreaties upon Him. Then, instead of living for worldly things, you 
should live for your Sustainer. He will thus become all in all in your 



life 


4 




A Muslim declares his faith by saying: 


La ilaha-illal-lah Muhammadur rasulul-lah. 

— — . — a. .... , - — - — - — - - i 

There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is 
the Messenger of Allah. 

Its recital is called the Kalimah or Shahadah. 


i 


j 

-1 


For Muslims there are certain requirements which have to be 
observed regarding the Kalimah or Shahadah. They are as follows: 


It has to be repeated aloud, at least once in a lifetime. 
Its meaning has to be fully understood. 

It should be believed in “with the heart. ” 

It should be professed until death. 



The seven basic beliefs 

There are seven things that are essential for a Muslim to believe 
in. These essential beliefs come under the heading of al-Iman 
al-Muffassal, which is a detailed declaration of faith. They are called 
the articles of faith. Al-Iman al-Muffassal is as follows: 


Amantu billahi, wa mala ’ikatihi, wa kutubihi, wa rusulihi, J 
wal-yawmil-akhir, wal-qadr khairihi wa sharrihi J 
minal-lahi-ta‘ala, wal-ba‘th ba‘dal-mawt. j 


5 


I believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the 
Last Day and the fact that everything good or bad is decided by 
Allah, the Almighty, and the life after death. 

The seven basic beliefs are as follows: 

1 . The Oneness of Allah - Taxvheed 

To believe in Allah, to believe that He exists, that He is One, 
and that He alone is the Creator, and Lord over everything, and that 
He alone is worthy of worship. 



2. The Angels - Malaikah 

To believe in the angels who are also the creation of Allah. 
Allah created them from light. They always obey Him. 

3. The Revealed Books - Kutub 

To believe in the Books of Allah. Allah revealed books to His 
Prophets for the guidance of mankind. We must believe that all these 
Books mentioned in the Qur’an were revelations from Allah. 


6 


4. The Messengers of Allah — Rusul 

To believe in Allah’s prophets. We must believe in all the 
prophets and give them due respect. 

5. The Last Day - Yawm al-Akhir 

To believe in the Day of Judgment and to believe that life in 
this world will come to an end one day and that everything in this 
world will perish. 

6. The Divine Will - Qadr 

To believe that everything comes from Allah. This means that 
Allah knows everything that is going to happen, whether good or 
bad. 

7. Life After Death - Akhirah 

To believe that Allah will bring all human beings back to life 
and will judge them according to all that they did while they lived 
on earth. 

Man all too often lives for worldly things which come to 
dominate his thoughts and emotions. But this is to live in ignorance, 
like trying to build one’s nest on branches that do not exist. A truly 
worthy life is that which is lived for one’s Lord, with no support 
other than Him. Man should live in remembrance of Allah. His name 
should be on his lips as he wakens and as he sleeps. As he halts or 
proceeds on his way, he should live in trust of Allah, and when he 
speaks or remains silent, it should be for the pleasure of his Lord. 


7 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 


tawheed will kalimah al-Iman al-Muffassal 
a The declaration and the recital of the Islamic faith is called the 


b The term that denotes the seven essential beliefs of a Muslim is 

c Qadr means to believe in the Divine 

d The belief in the Oneness of Allah is known as 

Match the Columns 


Column A 

Malaikah 

Kutub 

Rusul 

Yaum al-Akhir 
Akhirah 


Column B 

Belief in the Day of Judgment 
Belief in the Messenger of Allah 
Belief in life after death 
Belief in the angels 
Belief in the revealed books 


Answer the following questions: 

v ■ d 

1 Regarding our belief in the Kalima or Shahadah, and its recitation, 
certain requirements have to be observed. What are they? 

2 In Islamic Shariah, what does the word iman mean? 

3 What are the seven basic beliefs which are essential for a Muslim? 


8 


Chapter 2 


The Two Brothers 


Long, long ago, when Allah created the beautiful world, He 
decided to create a human being, so he created the first man, 
Adam Allah also created the first woman, Hawwa (Eve), as a 
helper and loving companion to Adam The Prophet Adam ^ 
and his wife happily began their lives on the earth. 

Imagine what the earth would have been like at that time, when 
there were no human beings apart from them. No pollution, no noise, 
no crowds... peace and great harmony reigned everywhere. 

The Prophet Adam and Hawwa were blessed with two sons, 
Habil (Abel) and Qabil (Cain). When they grew up, Habil, the 
younger brother, became a shepherd. He reared sheep, goats and 
other animals. 

The elder brother, Qabil, worked as a farmer, tilling the fields. 

One day both decided to make a sacrifice to please their Lord. 
Habil took the best of his flock, while Qabil brought his crops. 



9 



They usually laid out the sacrifice on a high place. If a fire came 
down from heaven and burnt the offering to ashes, it was a sign that 
Allah was pleased. 

Suddenly, there was a flash of lightning which burned Habil’s 
offering to ashes. This showed that Allah accepted his sacrifice, but 
rejected Qabil’s sacrifice. Qabil’s failure made him hate his younger 
brother and feel jealous of him. He felt it was Habil’s fault that he 
had been put to shame. Habil tried to explain to Qabil why his 
sacrifice had not been accepted: “In your heart you have no fear of 
Allah,” and “that is why Allah did not accept your sacrifice.” 


i 



Instead of agreeing and feeling sorry for his mistake, Qabil felt 
hurt at being disgraced and insulted. His face darkened with anger 
and his heart became hardened: “No,” cried Qabil, “I will kill you!” 

At this threat from his elder brother, Habil did not shout back. 
He just said calmly: “Even if you raise your hand to kill me, I will 
not fight back, for I fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.” These fine 


10 


words spoken by his younger brother could not calm Qabil, as he 
was blinded by jealousy and puffed up with arrogance and anger. 
Qabil’ s anger got the better of him and he killed his innocent brother 
Habil. 


But no sooner had he done this horrifying deed than he began 
to change. Seeing the blood spilled all around the motionless body 
of his younger brother, Qabil’s anger slowly cooled. Now he realized 
what a big mistake he had made. He had acted in haste, he had done 
something vile, and now, thinking about it, he felt very sorry. 

For hours he sat nearby, ashamed and grief-stricken, looking 
down at his brother’s mute, blood-spattered body. 

“Now I have killed my brother,” said Qabil to himself in deep 
sorrow, “but what shall I do with his body?” 

Then Allah sent a raven, which landed on the ground near the 
body. The raven began to scratch the ground to tell Qabil that he 
should bury his brother’s dead body under the earth. 

“Woe is me!” cried Qabil helplessly. “I am worse even than 
this raven, for I cannot hide my brother’s corpse.” Qabil felt his 
meanness all the more because even a raven could teach him a lesson. 


The moral of this story is that two believers should never fight 
with each other. Even if one of them is bent on fighting, the other 
one, like the obedient Habil, should never fight back. 


The Qur’an says: 


“If anyone killed a person — except as punishment for murder or 
other corruption in the land — it shall be looked upon as if he had$ 
killed all mankind. And whoever saved a human life, 
shall be looked upon as if he had saved all mankind. ” J 
(Surah al-Maidah, 5:32) 


11 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 


raven Hawwa (Eve) shepherd Adam flock 

a was the first man on earth, and the 

first woman. 

b Qabil, the elder brother was a farmer, while the younger brother Habil 
was a 

c Habil offered the best of his for the sacrifice to Allah. 

d A taught Qabil how to bury the body of his dead brother. 


Match the Columns 

Column A Column B 


Habil 

First man 

Adam 

Farmer 

Qabil 

Shepherd 

Sheep 

Rejected 

Crops 

Granted 

Answer the following questions: 


1 Who were the two sons of the Prophet Adam ? 

2 Why did Qabil feel anger and hatred for his brother? 

3 Why did Allah not accept Qabil’s sacrifice? 

4 Because Habil feared Allah, he did not fight back to save himself 
from being murdered by his brother Qabil. Is this statement true? 

5 What is the moral of this story? 


12 


Chapter 3 


The Five Pillars of Islam 


The Prophet Muhammad # said: “Islam has been built on five 
pillars: Testifying that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad 
is the Messenger of Allah; performing prayers; paying dues to the 
poor (zakat); making the pilgrimage to the House of Allah in 
Makkah; and fasting in the month of Ramadan.” 



Although a building is composed of many parts, what really 
holds up the entire structure is its “pillars”. If they are strong, the 
whole structure will be sound. But should they be weak, the entire 
edifice of Islam will crumble. 


These five pillars — faith, prayers, fasting, charity and 
pilgrimage are meant to make human beings feel a lifelong piety 
and devotion to Allah. 


1. Faith — Iman 

The word iman means to believe, to put one’s trust in something 
or someone. Iman means belief in divine truths, putting one’s entire 


13 




trust in, and having complete faith in Allah, His Prophet and His 
message. 

2. Five Daily Prayers — Salat 

Salat really means bowing before the glories of Allah, so that 
one does not feel superior in any way. It’s the kind of worship which 



brings the worshipper closer to Allah. It also gives him or her a 
special opportunity to give thanks to Allah for all the blessings He 
has given. 


3. Fasting of Ramadan — Sawm 

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calender. From the 
very beginning, this sacred month offers great encouragement to 
the devout to do good and shun evil. As the Prophet Muhammad # 
said, “On the first night of Ramadan, all devils and the rebellious 


14 


jinn are shackled, and all the gates of Hell are closed: none of them 
are left open. All the doors of Heaven are thrown open: none of 
them are closed.” 


Sawm, or fasting, is an annual crash course in self-discipline. 
Believers are trained intensively during this one month, so that they 
may live the whole year in the spirit of fasting. According to the 
Qur’an there are two purposes in fasting. One is to make us prudent 
in life, and the other is to make us thankful to Allah. During 
Ramadan, when believers keep the fast, they become very correct 
in their behaviour. They are very particular about everything they 
do. They are very conscious about when to eat, and when not to eat; 
what to do and what not to do. They give more time to daily prayers. 
They also spend more time than usual on recitation of the Qur’an, 
they give more to the poor, and so on. This kind of awareness is 
required of believers, not only during Ramadan, but throughout 
their entire lives. In this way fasting trains the individual to live a 
life of proper self-control. When believers starve for the whole day, 
ending the fast only at sundown, the need for and the value of food 
and drink become so alive to them that words in praise of the 
Almighty come rushing to their lips. 



At the time of iftar (the breaking of the fast) the Prophet 
Muhammad # would give great praise and thanks to Allah. Here, a 
short invocation 
shows how much the 
Prophet valued the 
experience of iftar: 

“Praise be to Allah, 

Who helped me to 
keep my fast, and 
who gave me food so 
that I could break my 
fast. Praise be to 


15 


Allah, the thirst is quenched, and the veins are moist. And, by Allah’s 
will, our reward is certain.” 

4. Charity — Zakat 

In spirit, zakat is an act of worship, while outwardly it is help 
given to people poorer than oneself. Every year two and a half 
percent of what one saves and 
remains with him for one year is 
to be given for public welfare. 

It is the everlasting duty of a 
Muslim to care for the poor and 
the needy. 

Zakat funds are to be spent 
on the poor and the homeless, the 
wayfarer, the bankrupt, needy 
converts, captives, collectors of 
zakat and in the cause of Allah. 

The last category allows zakat 
funds to be used for the general 
welfare of the community — for education of the people, for public 
works, and for any other need of the Muslim community. 

5. The Pilgrimage to Makkah — Hajj 

About 5000 years ago the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham, in 
English) was ordered by Allah to build the Kabah in Makkah and 
call people to go on a pilgrimage. 

Today, responding to the call of the Prophet Ibrahim $ and 
following in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad #, over two 
million people from all over the world gather in Makkah to perform 
Hajj. 



16 


The rites of Hajj include going around the Kabah seven times, 
which is called tawaf. The pilgrims also walk briskly to and fro 
seven times between two small hills called Safa and Marwah. They 
also visit Mina. Then the pilgrims visit Arafat, where the Prophet 
Muhammad # gave his last sermon, known as Khutba Hajjatul 
Wida. On the way back from Arafat, the pilgrims stop at Muzdalifah 
during the night. Later on after reaching back to Mina they offer a 
sacrifice as well as they throw pebbles at the stoning pillars that 
represent Satan. In this way the pilgrims go from one place to another 
and perform the sacred rites. All throughout, the pilgrims pray and 
beg Allah to pardon them. 

One very important duty during Hajj is the wearing of unstitched 
clothing in the form of two lengths of cloth (women wear normal 
clothes with a scarf to cover the head). All pilgrims, rich and poor, 
black and white, are dressed in this way, so that all men of all 
countries look alike in identical, simple garments, and no pilgrim 
may then feel tempted to rank himself above others. 



% ^ 


17 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 

self-discipline ninth bowing tawaf two 

a Salat really means before the glory of Allah. 

b Ramadan is the month of the Muslim calender. 

c Sawm, or fasting, is an annual crash course in 

d The rite that involves going around the Kabah seven times is 
called 

e Every year over million people gather from all over the 

, world in Makkah to perform the Hajj. 


Match the Columns 

Column A 

Column B 

Iman 

A religious visit to Makkah 

Salat 

Annual offering from one’s income 

Sawm 

Fasting during the month of Ramadan 

Zakat 

Offering five daily prayers 

Hajj Pilgrimage 

yS — sage: — ; ss = = — r — — ■ 

Belief in divine truths 

Answer the following questions: 


1 

2 


Name the five pillars of Islam. 

According to the Qur’an, what are the two purposes of fasting during 
Ramadan? 

How are zakat funds to be spent? 

Whom did Allah order to build the Kabah 5000 years ago? 


18 


4 


Chapter 4 


The Story of Two Gardens 



Long, long ago, there lived two friends. One of them was a 
rich gardener, and the other was a poor farmer. The gardener owned 
a huge plot of land. He cultivated his land very ably and developed 
it into two beautiful and blooming gardens. They were full of flowers 
and all kinds of fruit, especially grapes and dates. The vineyards 
were set about with palm trees and watered by a running stream. 

Whenever the rich gardener visited his gardens, he would be 
thrilled to see trees laden with ripe fruit. His heart would fill with 
pride and arrogance. He thought this was all a result of his hard 
work and clever planning. He ignored the fact that his entire fortune 
was actually a blessing from Allah. Without Allah’s help, no one 
can achieve a single thing on this earth. 


19 



One day his friend, the poor farmer, visited him. He took the 
farmer around his beautiful garden and proudly said to him, “I am 
richer than you and my clan is mightier than yours.” Looking at his 
gardens, he continued: “Surely this will never perish!” Puffed up 
with the pride of wealth, he went on even to deny the Day of 
Judgement: “Nor do I believe that the hour of Doom will ever come.” 
Then he added: “Even if I return to my Lord, I shall surely find a 
better place than this.” Little did he realize that all this was wishful 
thinking! 

When the poor farmer noticed that his friend was behaving in 
a wicked way, he tried to correct him. He asked: “Have you no faith 
in Him who created you from dust, from a little germ, and fashioned 
you into a man?” Then he added: “As for myself, Allah is my Lord, 
and I will associate no one else with Him.” 

He told the gardener that instead of having entered the garden 
proudly, he should have gone into it in all humility and said: “What 
Allah has ordained must surely come to pass: there is no strength 
except in Allah.” 



20 



“Though you see me poorer than yourself and blessed with 
fewer children,” the farmer argued, “my Lord may yet give me a 
garden better than yours, and send down thunderbolts from heaven 
upon your vineyards, turning them into a barren waste, or drain 
their water deep down into the earth, so that you will get no benefit 
from it.” 

The very next day, the rich and arrogant gardener was struck 
by calamity. All his fruit was destroyed. The vines had tumbled 
down upon their trellises, and he wrung his hands with grief at all 
the time and money he had spent on the fruit. He realised his mistake 
and cried, “Would that I had never ascribed partners to my Lord!” 

This story is meant to teach believers never to speak proudly, 
but to say in all humility: “Whatever Allah has ordained must surely 
come to pass: there is no power save with Allah.” 


21 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 

blessing punishment humble pride 

a The heart of the rich gardener was filled with , while the 

poor farmer was a man. 

b The rich gardener failed to see that his wealth was a 

from Allah. 

c The pride and arrogance of the rich gardener led to his 


State Whether True or False 

1 The rich gardener was a firm believer in Allah. 

2 The poor farmer was blessed with many children. 

3 The poor farmer advised his proud friend to believe in Allah and the Last Day. 

4 The rich man’s garden was destroyed by a terrible flood. 


Answer the following questions: 


1 Why was the rich farmer very arrogant and haughty? 

2 “Surely, this will not perish!” Who had said it and why? 

3 Did the rich farmer believe in the Last Day? 

4 What was the poor farmer’s advice to his proud friend? 

5 Which incident made the proud farmer realize his mistake? 

6 What moral does this story teach us? 


22 


Chapter 5 


■ 


Islam — A World of 
Love and Peace 


m 



A world where people love to smile, 

And send good wishes all the while. 

A world where people offer peace, 

And good words from them never cease. 
A world where people do not hoard, 

But give to those who can’t afford. 

A world where people help defend, 

And heal the wounds and try to mend. 

A world where people share a gift, 

And help the pauper’s spirit lift. 

A world where people feel no pride, 

But live together side by side. 

A world where people purify, 

And always on their Lord rely. 

This world, we have it in our palm. 

Dear people, it is Al-lslam. 

By Nabeela Malik and 
Tanzeela Mahmood 



Chapter 6 


The Angel and the 
Three Men 


Once the Prophet Muhammad # told his Companions the story 
of three of the Children of Israel — a leper, a bald man and a blind 
man. To test the gratitude of these three poor men, Allah sent an 
angel to each of them. 

To the leper, the angel said, “Of all things, which would you 
most love to have?” The leper replied, “A beautiful complexion, 
beautiful skin and a cure for the ailment for which people shun 
me.” So the angel passed his hands over the man, and his wishes 
were granted. The angel again asked, “Of all things, what would 
you most love to possess?” “Camels,” he replied. So he was given 
a pregnant she-camel. As the angel left, he said, “May Allah bless 
it.” 


To the man with the bald head, the angel said, “Of all things. 


what would you most love to have?” The man replied, “Beautiful 



24 



hair and a cure for this baldness for which people shun me.” So the 
angel passed his hands over him and his wishes were granted. Again 
the angel asked, “Of all things, what would you most love to 
possess?” “Cows,” he replied. So he was given a pregnant cow. 
And the angel said, “May Allah bless it.” 



To the blind man, the angel said, “Of all things, what would 
you most love to have?” He replied, “My sight restored by Allah, 
so that I can see people.” So the angel passed his hands over him, 
and he regained his sight. Then the angel said, “Of all things, what 
would you most love to possess?” “Sheep,” he replied. So he was 
given a ewe with its lambs. And the angel said, “May Allah bless 
them.” 


All the animals multiplied, so that the first man had a valley 
full of camels, the second a valley full of cows and the third a valley 
full of sheep. 


Later, the angel 
came in the guise of a 
leper to the first man and 
said, “I am a poor man, 
unable to travel any 
further without Allah’s 
help — or yours. By the 
One who has given you 
wealth and a beautiful 



25 


skin and complexion, give me a camel to ride on my journey.” The 
man replied, I have too many obligations and I cannot give you 
one.” The angel said, “I seem to recognize you. Weren’t you once a 
leper whom people shunned? And weren’t you poor before Allah 
gave you so much?” The man replied, “I inherited this wealth from 
a nobleman, who inherited it from a nobleman.” The angel said, “If 
you are a liar, may Allah turn you back into a leper.” 

Then, in the guise of a bald man, he came to the man who once 
had a diseased scalp and made the same request as he had to the 
first man. His plea was similarly turned down. The angel said, “If 
you are a liar, may Allah turn you back into a bald man.” 

Coming to the third man in the guise of a blind man, he said, “I 
am a poor, homeless man, unable to reach my destination, unless 
Allah, or you, can help me. By the One who restored your sight, 



give me a ewe to help me on my way.” The man said, “I was blind, 
and Allah restored my sight. So take whatever you will and leave 
whatever you will, for, by Allah, I will not grudge you anything 
you take for His sake.” The angel said, “Keep your wealth, for you 
were only being tested. You may keep your blessings, but your 
companions have lost all.” 

The moral of this story is: we should always be grateful for the 
blessings Allah bestows on us, and ready to help others. 


26 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 


nobleman gratitude cow angel 

a Allah sent an to meet three poor men to test their 


b The man who was cured of baldness was presented with a 
by the angel. 

c. The first man who was cured of an skin ailment lied to the angel and 
said he had inherited his wealth from a 

State Whether True or False 

\ 

1 The three men of this story were from the Children of Israel. 

2 The bald man opted for camels before the angel. 

3 The third man, who had been cured of blindness, passed Allah’s test and 
was allowed to keep his wealth. 


' 

Answer the following questions: 


1 Which of the three men was grateful to Allah and heeded the angel’s 
request? 

2 Why do you think the first two men lied to the angel who came in 
disguise, and refused to help him? 

3 “I was blind, and Allah restored my sight. So take whatever you will 
and leave whatever you will, for, by Allah, I will not grudge you 
anything you take for His sake” Who spoke these fine words to whom? 

Explain the context in which he did so. 


27 


Chapter 7 


Prayers — Salat 



Salat is the second pillar of Islam. It is the duty of every adult 
Muslim — male and female — to perform the five daily prayers by 
himself or herself, or along with others. Missed prayers can be made 
up for later. For salat to be acceptable to Allah, it should be 
performed at the proper time, in purity, facing the qiblah, that is, in 
the direction of the Kabah. These five prayers have to be observed 
at fixed times. Allah says in the Qur’an: 


% sJCjaJ! (j) 

The Salat is prescribed for the believers at specific 

times. (4:103) 






wm* 


j 

i 

j 

J 


28 




The five daily prayers and fard rakahs are as follows: 

1 . Fajr or Early morning prayer: two rakas, between dawn 
and sunrise. 

2. Zuhr or Noon prayer: four rakas, between noon and 
mid- afternoon. 

3. Asr or Afternoon prayer: four rakas, between mid- 
afternoon and sunset. 

4. Maghrib or Sunset prayer: three rakas, between sunset 
and early evening. 

5. Isha or Evening prayer: four rakas, between the 
disappearance of twilight and dawn. 

Friday prayer: two 
rakas to be performed 
following the sermon. 

They have to be 
performed with a group 
of other people (a 
congregation) in a 
mosque. In the absence 
of these conditions, this 
prayer has to be 
replaced by the midday 
(noon) prayer. 

The five daily prayers were made obligatory for Muslims on 
the occasion of Miraj (the Prophet’s heavenly journey). In fact, the 
Prophet was recorded as having said that “through the services of 
worship a believer reaches his own ascension; he is raised into the 
presence of Allah.” If a believer performs salat in its proper spirit, 
he will be blessed with a spiritual experience which will make him 
feel that he has come closer to Allah. 



29 


Prayer is performed as follows: First of all the believer performs 
ablutions. Then he stands up and faces in the right direction, toward 
the Kabah in Makkah. He holds up his hands, and says, speaking 
aloud: “Allahu Akbar” or “Allah alone is great.” Then he submits 
himself to the will of His Lord alone. 

After praising Him by reciting some passages from the Qur’an, 
he begins to feel the majesty of Allah. Then he prostrates himself, 
touching his forehead to the ground. Self-prostration is an 
acknowledgment of the majesty of Allah. 


^ FA JR 

ZUHR 

ASR 

MAGHRIB 

|j ISHA 

2 Sunnah 

4 Sunnah 

4 Fard 

3 Fard 

4 Fard 

2 Fard 

4 Fard 

K^aHHET r 


2 Sunnah 

2 Sunnah 

i SSL tu. 

2 Sunnah 


' ■ • .A- .. v ■ >■ 

3 Witr 


The above table shows the fard ( compulsory prayers ) and sunnah 
(the Prophet’s customary prayers ). Everyone has to say these 
prayers. Apart from this, there are some more sunnah and nafl 
(voluntary) prayers which it is good to say as well 

Muslims have been advised in the Qur’an to be steadfast in 
their prayer (29:45), for prayer keeps away indecency and evil. When 
the Prophet Muhammad # was asked about this verse, he said: “If 
a person’s prayer does not keep him away from indecency and evil, 
then his prayer is not really prayer at all.” 


30 


How does prayer enable the faithful to have these virtues? It is 
because prayers remind us five times daily, that we are living before 
Allah who is watching us. One who says his prayer in its true spirit 
cannot become forgetful of Allah after the prayer is over. The actions 
of prayer show how one’s heart is full of fear of and love for Allah. 
Therefore, if one prays in the true spirit of prayer, one’s prayer will 
surely fend off indecency and evil. 



The aims of salat are: 


1 to bring people closer to Allah; 

2 to keep human beings from indulging in 
indecent, shameful and forbidden activities; 

3 to purify the heart, develop the mind and 
comfort the soul; 

4 to remind people constantly of Allah and His 
greatness; 

5 to develop discipline and will power; 

6 to guide people to the most upright way of 
life; 

7 to show equality, unity and brotherhood; 

8 to promote patience, courage, hope, and 
confidence; 

9 to train people in cleanliness, purity and 
punctuality; 

10 to develop gratitude and humility; 

11 to demonstrate obedience to our Creator. 



31 


EXERCISES 


# # " " ' - — ■- 

Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 


five second prayer Kabah 

a Prayer is the pillar of Islam. 

b Prayer is offered by facing in the directions of the 

c keeps human beings from indulging in shameful and 

forbidden activities. 

d There are numbers of daily prayers ordained for the 

Muslims. 


State whether True or False: 

1 The Fajr prayer is offered in the evening. 

2 A semon is given before commencement of the Friday prayer. 

3 The Asr prayer contents two fard rakas. 

4 Qiblah is the direction toward which we turn our face during the prayers. 


Answer the following questions: 


1 When were the five daily prayers made obligatory for the Muslims? 

2 What are the names and timing of the five daily prayers? 

3 What is the timing for the Friday prayer? 

4 Write down the virtues of Salat? 


32 


Travels of the 
Prophet Ibrahim l&J 




Long, long ago — about 4000 years ago — in the land of Iraq a 
child was bom whose name was Ibrahim ^ (or Abraham). When 
Ibrahim grew up, he became a great prophet, and preached the 
truth and Allah’s message in his country. Later he travelled to Syria, 
Palestine and Egypt. 

He was gracious, tender-hearted and pure in faith. Allah was 
pleased with him and made him His best friend. 

When a beautiful son was bom to his wife, Hajar (or Hagar), 
Ibrahim $t\ was ordered by Allah to travel toward the place we now 
know as Makkah along with his wife and the little child, whose 


33 



name was Ismail $5 (or Ishmael). They all travelled for a long time 
till they reached a lonely, barren valley near two small hills called 
Safa and Marwah. 

The Prophet Ibrahim $ asked his wife to stay near one of the 
hills along with the baby Ismail, and started to go away. His wife 
protested, “Why are you leaving us alone here? Are you leaving us 
here to die?” But Ibrahim ^ replied, “My Lord has commanded 
me to do this.” Then Hajar, breathing a sigh of relief, said: “If Allah 
has ordered you to do so, then He will not let us die.” 

After a while, little Ismail began to cry because he was thirsty. 
But there was not a single drop of water to drink. Hajar ran helplessly 
from one hill to another, but there was no water, nor was there any 
human being nearby to give her any. 

As the baby cried desperately with thirst and the mother ran 
from one hill to another, Allah caused a miracle to take place — a 
spring gushed forth beneath the feet of Ismail 



When Hajar saw this from a distance, she shouted, “Zamzam” 
— the sound made by rushing water in the Babylonian language. 


Hajar came running and gave some fresh spring water to the 
thirsty child. And so his life was saved. This spring became famous 
later on and was given the name Zamzam. 


34 


Ismail $$ and his mother began to live in the valley and, because 
of the Zamzam spring, more people gradually came to settle there, 
slowly building up a small town, which was later called Makkah. 

From time to time Ibrahim would visit Makkah to meet his 
family, especially to see his young Ismail growing up in the beautiful 
surroundings of nature — in a new town in a lovely valley 
surrounded by hills, away from the crowded cities where the people 
at that time were mostly idol- worshippers. 

The moral of this story is that believers who, despite their 
hardships, follow the path of Allah, will find that Allah stays with 
them and helps them in miraculous ways, just as the child Ismail £uf 
was saved by the miracle of the Zamzam spring. 



35 


EXERCISES 


V " — ’ — 

Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 

Safa and Marwah Ismail J&j 4000 Hagar Iraq faith 
a The Prophet Ibrahim $$ was bom years ago in the land of 

b Obeying Allah’s command, the Prophet Ibrahim £ui set out on a journey 
along with his wife and his baby son 

c After a long journey the Prophet Ibrahim ^ reached a barren valley near 

two small hills called 

d The Prophet Ibrahim ^ was renowned for his impregnable 
in Allah. 

State whether True or False: 

1 The Prophet Ibrahim left his wife and son near the small hills Safa and 
Marwah. 

2 The spring by which Ismail’s life was saved is called Makkah. 

3 The small hills Safa and Marwah are situated in Makkah. 


Answer the following questions: 

1 Write a few words about the Prophet Ibrahim’s character. 

2 As baby Ismail cried with thirst and his mother ran from one hill 
to another, a wonderful miracle took place. Describe the miracle. 

3 What message does this story convey to you? 

4 Find Iraq, Syria, Palestine and Egypt on your map. 

5 Draw a picture of the Zamzam spring gushing out of the ground. 

36 


Chapter 9 



Offering Prayers 



Before offering prayers or salat , perform ablutions (wudu) to 
make sure that you have a clean body, make sure that you are in a 
clean place and that you are wearing clean clothes. Now stand 
upright on your prayer mat and face in the direction of the Kabah, 
which is called qiblah. 


The following is the way to offer 
prayers: 

1 . State your intention ( niyyah ): 
“I intend to pray 2 (3 or 4) 
rakahsfard (or sunnah, etc.) 
of the dawn (fajr ), noon 
(. zuhr ), afternoon (‘ asr ), 
sunset ( maghrib ) or night 



37 




( *isha) prayer for Allah, facing toward the Kabah.” 


Say 4JJ1 “Allahu Akbar,” raising your hands to your ears 

(up to the shoulders for ladies) and place the right hand on 
the left hand just below the navel or on the lower chest (on 
the chest for ladies). 



Now recite: 


, i}> 4)1 $ j Ait- JU? j iJiit &'&j iUUy j 

Jjl jlalSJi 'ry* <JJb i jPl 


Subhanaka Allahumma wa bi hamdika wa 
tabaraka’smuka wa ta ‘ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuk. J 
A ‘udhu billahi minash-shaitanir-rajim. 

1 


Bismillahir-rahmanir-rahim. 




Allah, all glory and praise belong to You alone. Blessed is 
Your name and exalted is Your Majesty, there is no god but 
You! 


I seek refuge in Allah from the cursed Satan. In the name of 
Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. 

4. After this, recite the first chapter of the Qur’an, the surah al- 

Fatiha; 


i 

4 

I 

j 


■flilij & o yl J| fJ e 4 UU 4>jaUjUm1i ; 

0 / S Q ' 0 ' l t i ' ' 0 ** 3 f { ' ^ t 1 1 ^ 1 ° I ▼ 

^ & s s jl O 0 Q ^ 

^To^UaJi V j o j -^aju-h Js> 

Alhamdu lillahi rabbil-alamin, ar rahmanir-rahim. Maliki 

Jk 

yawmiddin. Iyyaka na ‘budu wa iyyaka nastain. Ihdinassiratal- ? 
mustaqim. Siratal-ladhina anamta alayhim, ghayril-maghdhubi Ji 
alayhim waladhdhalin. Amin. I 


fP Hi ggpD 


Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Universe. The Compassionate, 
the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. You alone we worship, 
and to You alone we turn for help. Guide us to the straight path. The 
path of those whom You have favoured. Not of those who have 
incurred Your wrath nor of those who have gone astray. 

5 . Add one of the short surahs of the Qur ’ an such as surah 

112, al-Ikhlas; 


* > a $ A 


o aid IjiT <d °J>j ^Jj o*xl jj J'j JLU J 0 *iwah illi 0 jU-i aIJIja Ji 

Qul huallahu ahad. Allahussamad, lam yalid walam yulad, J 
walam yakullahu kujuwan ahad. j 


tfUHB • 


Say: He is Allah, the One and Only, Allah, the Eternal, 
Absolute; He begot none, nor was He begotten. And there is none 
equal to Him. 


39 


Now say, “Allahu 

Akbar, ” bowing down and 
placing both hands on the knees, 

(the posture known as ruku ) 
then say three or five times, 

“Subhana 
rabbiyal-adhim. ” (Glory be to 
my Lord, the Most High). 

7. Rising now to the standing position, say: 

- “ Sami ‘ Allahu liman 

hamidah. ” (Allah listens to him who praises 
Him). In congregational prayers, when the 
imam says this phrase, the congregation says 

in response: cJLS Ijj “Rabbana lakal 


hamd. ” (Our Lord, to You 
belongs praise!). 

Saying “Allahu 

Akbar, ” prostrate yourself on 
the floor, touching your 
forehead to the ground and with both palms on the ground. In 
this position, which is called sajda, say silently three or five 
times: ‘Subhana rabbiyal-a‘la” (Glory to 

my Lord, the Most High). Now rise to the seated position 
saying, “Allahu Akbar, ” and then make the second 

prostration, saying, “Allahu Akbar” and repeat: 

JW* £ ‘ ‘Subhana rabbiyal-ala. ” Get up from this 

position saying, ft)] “Allahu Akbar. ” This completes one 

rakah. The second rakah will be performed in the same way, 
except that steps 1 , 2 and 3 will not be repeated. 






liJLJLp J' OUll aJ'j O' jUaJ'j aJJ OOtxJ' 

Jj' iUp ^^Ipj LuIp aJJ' a-^-jj 

oaS 'iUi 5' Afi'j aL' ^ ii$ i' JL^ii 

At-tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibatu. As-salamu 
alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barkatuhu. 
Assalamu alaina wa ala ibadillahis-salihin. 

Ashhadu an la ilaha illal Lahu wa ashhadu anna j 
M uhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh. | 

— — J 


Salutation, prayers and good works are all for Allah. Let there 
be peace, Allah’s mercy and blessings on you, 0 Prophet. Peace be 
on us and on all Allah’s righteous servants. I testify that there is no 
god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His 
Messenger. 


If the salat has more than two rakahs, then stand up for the 
remaining rakah(s) and perform the same way except the steps 1, 2, 
3 and 5. Or, if it is a two -rakah prayer, be seated and recite, the 
supplication called qunut : 


dJL^ Ui* •u* 5 ’*- 0 J 1 ' (*-4' 

O ill J1 J* ) & 

Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa ala all 
Muhammadin kama sallayta ala Ibrahima wa ala ali 
lbrahima innaka hamidum majid. 


4 

j 




41 



Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as 
You blessed Ibrahim (Abraham) and his family, for You are the 
Praiseworthy and the Glorious. 


C'S' jIj UT J'l J 

Allahumma barik ala Muhammadin wa ala ali 
Muhammadin kama barakta ala Ibrahima wa ala ali 
Ibrahima innaka hamidum majid. 

— ^ n i rr — 




? 


Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as 
You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim; for You are the 
Praised, the Magnified. 


0 A 0 


Cd' o y&t fail? ^ \ 

CJl kiJbl j* * 5 jAikfi 

Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran wa 
la yaghfirudh dhunuba ilia anta faghfirli maghfiratan 
min indika wa rhamni innaka antal ghafurur-rahim. 


J 


Allah, I have been unjust to myself, too unjust. No one can 
grant pardon for my sins except You, so forgive me with Your 
forgiveness and have mercy on me, for You are the Forgiver, the 
Merciful.) 


And now turn your face first to the right, then to the left, saying: 

* 0 / A, x * s , s 

4JJ1 livlU- Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullah. 




Peace and 
be upon you. 


the 


mercy 


of Allah 


42 


This completes the Salah. Now it is time for personal prayers. 
You may raise your hands and pray to Allah in your own words. 
However, here are some prayers for this purpose: 



^ #Ji J j 


ojUJt 

' % * 

Rabbana atina fiddunia hasanah wa\ 

fil-akhirati hasanah wa qina j 

adhabannar. i 

i-. . — m iT-» - - - i - l 


4 ^ ' ** S . t 

U3 j 


O our Lord, grant us good in this world and good in the 
Hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell-fire. 

Allahumma antas salamu wa minkas salamu tabarakata 
ya dhaljalali wal-ikram. 


j 




O Allah, You are the source of peace and from You comes 
peace, exalted You are, O Lord of Majesty and Honour. 

<^^L*yS\3 J t 


j 


Allahummaghfirli waliwalidaiyya wali jami’il mu’ minima 
walmu’minati wal-muslimina wal-muslimati 

birahmatika ya arhamurrahimin. *** 

-■ » — — y. ■' » - 


O Allah, forgive me and my parents and all the believing men 
and women and all Muslim men and women with Your mercy. O 
Most Merciful of all who have mercy. 


43 



Rabbana zalamna anfusana wa illam taghfirlana wa 


tarhamna lanakunanna minal-khasirin. 

- - A - - r i - — - 1 

Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves and if You do not forgive 
us and have no mercy on us, surely we will be of the losers. 

The effect of man’s worship of Allah becomes a permanent 
feature of the devotee’s character. His prostrations in prayer will 
engender humility in his character. His covenant with Allah to be 
His obedient servant will help him to fulfill his obligations towards 
his fellow human beings in the right manner. 



44 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 

qiblah wudu niyyah clean asr 

a To make sure we are physically before we offer salat, 

we perform the ablutions called 

b Expressing the intention of prayer is called 

c The direction of the Kabah which we face while offering prayer is called 

d The prayers performed in the afternoon are called 


Match the following Columns 


Column A 

Column B 

Fajr 

The prayer at Sunset 

Zuhr 

The prayer at Night 

Asr 

The prayer at Dawn 

Maghrib 

The prayer at Noon 

Isha 

The Afternoon prayer 


Answer the following questions: 

1 What does one say when he or she is at Ruku? 

2 After how many rakahs the worshipper sits down and reads at-tahiyyat? 

3 Which action of the worshipper ends the prayer? 

4 Read out any one of duas. 


45 


Chapter 10 


Prayers of the Prophet 



The Prophet Muhammad # taught us that prayer is a way of 
saying how we need Allah’s grace for every single thing we have, 
and how Allah’s power over all things is total. There are different 
kinds of prayers. Some are to praise Allah for all the wonderful 
things in the world and some are to thank Him for His blessings. 
We often ask Allah to forgive us, telling Him of our fears and worries. 
At other times we pray for others to be helped and cared for. 

The Prophet advised people to pray in times of peace and plenty, 
and not just in times of difficulty. One of his favourite prayers in 
the Qur’an was for his parents: “My Lord, have mercy on them, as 
they have raised me up when I was little.” He also said brotherly 
love was a great virtue. In his prayers to his Creator for all of 
humanity, he would say: “O Lord, all Your servants are brothers.” 


46 




The Prophet urged his followers to ask Allah for forgiveness: “Allah 
holds out His hand at night for those who have done wrong during 
the day to repent. And He holds out His hand during the day for 
those who have done wrong at night to repent.” 

To have Allah’s special protection, he would pray: “Allah, save 
me from leprosy, insanity and incurable diseases. O Allah, save me 
from want, poverty and being humbled. Save me from doing wrong 
or being wronged.” 

The Prophet forbade believers to pray for their own deaths or 
even to think about suicide. “If anyone is in a very dreadful state,” 
said the Prophet, “let him pray, ‘O Allah, keep me alive so long as 
life is good for me, and take away my soul to Yourself when death 
is best for me.’” 


One who prays for another in his or her absence will most 
probably have his prayers fulfilled for, as the Prophet explained, to 
every believer Allah has assigned an angel who says, “Amen! And 
to you the same.” His own selflessness is shown by his praying 
even for those who harmed him. 


The Prophet was a keen observer of nature. He regarded all 
natural things with a great sense of wonder. For example, seeing a 
new moon, he would pray, “O Allah, let its rays bring us security, 
peace and submission.” Speaking to the moon, he would continue, 



47 


“My Lord and Your Lord is Allah. May this be a crescent of guidance 
and goodness.” 

The Prophet would urge people to remember Allah constantly, 
as he believed that “one who remembers his Lord and one who 
does not remember his Lord are as unlike as the living and the dead.” 
The Prophet would urge his followers to remember Allah by day 
and by night, even if only by saying a few words. To make it easy 
for them to do this, he taught them a short prayer, saying: 


ulaii 

Kalimatani habibatani ilar-Rahman, 
khafifatani alal-lisan thaqilatani fil-mizan. 
subhan Allah wa bihamdihi, subhan Allahil-azeem. 

un | 



Two phrases are light on the tongue yet heavy in the Balance 
and beloved by the Merciful: Glory be to Allah, and All Praises are 
His, Glory be to Allah, the Magnificent. ( Sahih al-Bukhari ) 



48 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 

brothers peace and plenty love wondemature 

a According to the Prophet Muhammad brotherly 

was a great virtue and all of God’s servants are . 

b The Prophet advised people to pray not only during times of difficulty 
but also during times of 

c The Prophet Muhammad M was a keen observer of 

and regarded all natural things with a great sense of 


State whether True or False: 

1 The Prophet advised people to pray in times of peace and plenty and not 
just in times of difficulty. 

2 The Prophet forbade believers to pray for their own deaths or even to think 
about suicide. 


i Answer the following questions: 

1 What is the meaning of prayer, according to the Prophet Muhammad ta£? 

2 “My Lord, have mercy on them, as they have raised me up when I was 
little”— For whom did the Prophet Muhammad & offer this prayer? 

3 How does Allah help sinners to repent? 

4 Did the Prophet ever ask Allah to curse those who harmed him? 

5 Write down the meaning of the following prayer taught by the Prophet 
Muhammad 


Subhan Allah wa bihamdihi 
Subhan Allahil-azeem 


49 


Chapter 11 




I Love Eid 




It is Eid today! It is Eid today! 

I can see the tiny new moon 
Up there, in the heavenly sky, 
Surrounded by beautiful twinkling 
stars! 

Heralding the happy coming of Eid, 
It is Eid today! 

Thank you, Almighty Allah! 

For giving us so much happiness, 
For the moon and the stars 
And everything that we have; 

The glad tidings of the season 
That reminds us of Your Greatness, 
The acts of purification we undergo 
To show you our loyalty, 

The prayers we say 
To seek from You Blessings 
On this occasion of Eid, 

Which brings so much joy. 

It is Eid today! 

By Aisha Vaiphei 





50 




Chapter 12 


The Baby in the River 



Long, long ago — more than 3,000 years ago — there lived in 
Egypt a tribe called the Banu Israil or the Children of Israel. At that 
time Egypt was ruled by a very cruel king called Firawn, or Pharaoh. 
He forced this tribe into slavery and made them do the hard labour 
of building huge monuments such as the pyramids. 

One day a soothsayer of Firawn’s court told him that a boy 
would be bom among the Banu Israil who would destroy him and 
his kingdom. Enraged, Firawn issued a barbaric decree that all new- 
born boys of the tribe were to be killed. Only the girls were to be 
spared. The Banu Israil then suffered the dreadful torment of seeing 
their new-bom sons killed. 

It was during these horrible times that a pious woman of the 
Banu Israil, whose name was Yukabid, gave birth to a beautiful boy 
who was named Musa, or Moses. His father’s name was Imran. 
The parents of the little Musa were convinced that their young 


51 



baby would soon be put to death by the cruel soldiers of Firawn. 
But something unusual happened. Yukabid was told by Allah that 
this was a very special child and that one day he would become a 
great prophet. Allah inspired her to put him in a box, which she was 



to cast into the river Nile, with the promise that her young baby 
would be safe and would soon be returned to her. This gave her 
great hope and she obediently carried out Allah’s orders. She gently 
put the box containing the baby in the water at the edge of the Nile. 
The baby’s sister Miriam hid nearby, crouching at the edge of the 
river, to see what would happen to him. 

As the soft ripples of water carried the box containing the little 
Musa slowly and gently away, his sister kept a watch on it. The 
box sailed on for some time and stopped at the bank near the royal 
palace, and to her great surprise, it was picked up by a member of 
Firawn ’s household and brought into the presence of the Queen. 

The Queen was not a cruel person like her husband, but a very 
gentle, kind-hearted and loving woman. When she saw the little 
baby, her heart was touched and she exclaimed: “What a lovely 
child! Whoever saw him could not but love him!” Despite the king’s 
objection, the queen decided to keep the baby in the palace and rear 


52 



him as her own child. In this way Musa was brought up in the 
palace of Firawn — the very same person who had ordered that all 
the newborn baby boys of the Banu Israil be put to death. 

This incident shows us that we should be merciful to others, as 
the Queen was to Musa One should not be cruel like the King, 
as in doing so, one denies the very existence of Allah. This world is 
controlled by the Almighty and, in the end, a cruel person has to 
surrender to Allah and pay for his misdeeds. 

When Musa grew up, Allah made him a Prophet and gave 
him signs and miracles, one of which was his stick, which could 
turn into a big snake. Despite a number of miracles, Firawn did not 
accept the message of the Prophet Musa and intensified his cruelty 

toward the Children of Israel. 


When Firawn’s cruelty did not stop, Allah commanded 
Musa to leave Egypt with the Children of Israel. One night 
Musa and his followers set out secretly, as they feared Firawn’s 
anger. Along with him went a large number of people and their 
families — men, women and children, with their flocks and herds 


53 



and all their belongings. When Firawn came to know this, he rose 
in great anger and gave orders to muster a huge army. Firawn set 
out with his army with its many chariots, horsemen, and soldiers to 
punish the Children of Israel. 

Musa and his followers were marching ahead and had almost 
reached the sea, when some of them spotted a great cloud of dust 
approaching from the rear. This struck great terror into the entire 
caravan, for they then realized that a great army of Firawn was 
pursuing them. They cried, “Oh, we are besieged! We are surely 
undone!” But Musa remained calm and said, “My Lord is with 
me, He will guide me.” 



54 



As the troops of Firawn drew nearer, hemming them in, Allah 
told Musa £ui to strike the Red Sea with his staff. When Musa 
did so, a miracle took place. With a thunderous roar, the waves of 
the sea began to split into two halves. Each side rose until it was as 
huge as a massive mountain. What an amazing scene! Everyone 
was struck dumb at Allah’s power! A safe, dry passage across the 
sea bed had opened up in front of them. They all thanked Allah 
while crossing. 

Musa and his followers were barely across when Firawn 
and his army arrived at the shores of the sea. Unmoved by Allah’s 
amazing miracle, Firawn ordered his troops to pursue Musa As 
soon as Firawn and his whole army reached the middle of the sea, 
the sea-waves standing on either side like huge walls, fell on them, 
returning to their original form. Firawn and all his army were crushed 
and drowned in the raging waters. 

On the far bank, the Prophet Musa and his followers landed 
safely on the Sinai Peninsula. Musa called on his people to 
remember Allah’s goodness in delivering them from Firawn and to 
be thankful to Him for His favours. 



55 


EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 


Firawn Miriam Nile stick Banu Israil snake 

a The name of the tribe that was enslaved in Egypt about 3000 years ago 
was 

b The Egyptian king who enslaved the children of Israil and treated them 
cruelly was called the 

c As baby Musa $$ was floated on the river , his sister 

watched over him. 

d After Musa became a Prophet, one of the miracles he could do was to 
turn a into a big 


Answer the following questions: 


1 Why did Firawn (Pharaoh) order all the new-born boys of the Banu Israil 
to be killed? 

2 What did the parents of baby Musa $$ do to protect their child from 
being killed by the Firawn’s soldiers? 

3 What did the kind-hearted Queen do when the baby, found floating in 
the river in a box, was brought to her? 

4 Following Allah’s command, Musa and the Children of Israel began 
to leave Egypt. What did the Firawn do to stop them? 

5 Describe the miracle that occurred when the Prophet Musa struck the 
Red Sea with his staff. 


56 




Chapter 13 


Thank You, Allah! 





Thank you, Allah, for the sun so bright 
That shines from up above. 

Thank you, Allah, for my family. 

Who taught me how to love. 

Thank you, Allah, for the trees that give 
Fruit and wood and shade. 

Thank you, Allah, for the good you put 
In everything you made. 

For the water falling down as rain 
From the cloudy sky, 

For the moonbeams and the stars so bright 
Shining through the night. 

For the mountains standing big and tall, 

The oceans deep and wide. 

For the creatures that are both big and small 
That run and swim and fly. 

There’s so much to be thankful for, 

So much that words can’t say. 

So thank you, Allah, for the many gifts 
You give to me each day. 

By Rukhsana Khan 




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Chapter 14 


A Treasury of Hadith 



The records kept of the words, deeds and sanctions of the 
Prophet Muhammad # are called the Hadith. Some scholars have 
included the sayings and doings of the Companions of the Prophet 
also in the Hadith. 

The Hadith provides the record of the fundamental source of 
Islam, giving us a full account of the life of the Prophet. It also 
serves as a commentary on the Quran. The Quran provides the 
fundamentals of religion and the Hadith furnishes us with the 
necessary details and explanations. Thus the Quran and the Hadith 
are complementary to each other. Both are equally essential for the 
establishment of Religion. 

Here are some sayings of the Prophet Muhammad Jsgj: 


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Mother 

“Paradise lies at the feet of your mother.” ( Nasa’i ) 

Father 

“A father’s pleasure is Allah’s pleasure, a father’s 
displeasure is Allah’s displeasure.” 

( Tirmidhi) 



Prayers 

“The key to Paradise is salah and the key to salah is 
purification.” (. Mishkat ) 

Guests 

“He who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his 

guest.” (. Al-Bukhari ) 

Neighbours 

“By Allah, he has no faith, he has no faith, he has no faith, whose 
neighbours are not safe from his wickedness.” 

(Al-Bukhari) 


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Modesty 

“Modesty is part of faith.” ( Al-Bukhari and Muslim) 

Charity 

“Removing things from a road that are harmful is charity.” 

(Al-Bukhari) 



Learning 

“The best of you is he who learnt the Qur’an and then taught it.” 

(Al-Bukhari) 


Knowledge 

“The seeking of knowledge is a must for every Muslim male and 

female.” (Mishkat) 

Kindness 

“Allah is not kind to him who is not kind to people.” 
(Al-Bukhari and Muslim) 


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Thankfulness 

“He who does not thank people does not thank Allah.” 

(Al- Tirmidhi) 



Visiting the Sick 

“Visit the sick, feed the hungry and free the captives.” 

( Al-Bukhari ) 

Manners 

“He who keeps silent, remains safe.” 
(Al-Tirmidhi) 

Lying 

“Woe to him who tells lies to make people laugh.” 
(Ahmad, al-Tirmidhi ) 

Anger 

“Do not be angry.” 

Strength 

“He is not strong who throws down another, 
but he is who controls his anger.” 
(Al-Bukhari and Muslim) 


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EXERCISES 


Fill in the blanks using the words given below: 

commentary mother Muhammad # people knowledge 

a The Hadith is the records kept of the words, deeds and sanctions of the 
Prophet 

b The Hadith serves as a on the Quran. 

c According to the Hadith by Nasai, Paradise lies at the feet of your 

d The seeking of is a must for every Muslim male and 

female. 

e Allah shows kindness to us only if we are kind to 

Match the following Columns 

Column A Column B 

A strong person Keeps silent and remains safe 

A good-mannered person Controls his anger 

Modesty It is a part of faith. 


| Answer the following questions: 


1 What is the key to Paradise, according to the Hadith by Mishkat ? 

2 According to a Hadith by Al-Bukhari, who are the best among us? 

3 Recite two hadith , one relating to ‘kindness’ and one relating to 
‘thankfulness.’ 


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Chapter 15 


A Surah from the Quran 


Surah Al-Qamar 
The Moon 




The hour of Doom is drawing near, and the 
moon is cleft in two. Yet, when they see a sign, the 
unbelievers turn their backs and say: ‘Ingenious 
sorcery !’ They deny the truth, and follow their own 
fancies. But in the end all issues shall be laid to 
rest. Cautionary tales, profound in wisdom, have 
been narrated to them: but warnings are unavailing. 
Let them be. On the day when the Crier summons 
them to the dread account, they shall come out 
from their graves with downcast eyes, and rush 
towards him like swarming locusts. The 
unbelievers will cry: This is indeed a woeful day!’ 
Long before them, the people of Noah disbelieved. 
They disbelieved Our servant, and called him 
madman. Rejected and contemned, he cried out, 
saying: ‘Help me, Lord, I am overcome!’ We 
opened the gates of heaven with pouring rain and 
caused the earth to burst with gushing springs, so 
that the waters met for a predestined end. We 
earned him in a vessel built with planks and nails, 
which drifted on under Our eyes: a recompense 
for him who had been disbelieved. This We have 
left as a sign: but will any take heed? How grievous 
was My scourge, and how clear My warning! We 
have made the Quran easy to remember: but will 
any take heed? ‘Ad, too, did not believe. How 
grievous was My scourge, and how clear My 
warning! On a day of unremitting woe, We let loose 
on them a howling wind which snatched them off 
like trunks of uprooted palm-trees. How grievous 
was My scourge, and how clear My warning! We 
have made the Quran easy to remember: but will 


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any take heed? Thamud, too, disbelieved Our 
warnings. They said: ‘Are we to follow a mortal 
who stands alone among us? That would surely 
be error and madness. Did he alone among us 
receive this warning? He is indeed a foolish liar.’ 
To him We said: ‘Tomorrow they shall know who 
is foolish liar. We are sending to them the she- 
camel, that We may put them to the proof. Observe 
them closely and have patience. Tell them that they 
must share their drink with her, and that for every 
draught they must attend in person.’ They called 
their friend, who took a knife and slew her. How 
grievous was My scourge, and how clear My 
warning! A single cry was heard, and they became 
like the dry twigs of the sheep-fold builder. We 
have made the Quran easy to remember: but will 
any take heed? The people of Lot disbelieved Our 
warnings. We let loose on them a stone-charged 
whirlwind which destroyed them all, except the 
house of Lot, whom We saved at dawn through 
Our mercy. Thus do We reward the thankful. Lot 
had warned them of Our punishment, but they 
doubted his warnings. They demanded his guests 
of him. We put out their sight, and said: ‘Taste My 
punishment, now that you have scorned My 
warning!’ And at daybreak a heavy scourge 
overtook them. Taste My punishment, now that 
you have scorned My warning!’ We have made 
the Quran easy to remember: but will any take 
heed? To Pharaoh’s people also came the warnings. 
But they disbelieved all Our signs, and We smote 
them with the scourge of the Mighty One, the All- 
powerful. Are your unbelievers better men than 
these? Their army shall be routed and put to flight. 
The Hour of Doom is their appointed time. More 
calamitous, and more doleful, shall that Hour be 
than all their worldly trails. Yet the wrongdoers 
persist in error and madness. On the day when they 
are dragged into the Fire with faces downwards, 
We shall say to them: ‘Feel the touch of Hell!’ 
We have made all things according to a fixed 
decree. We command but once: Our will is done 
in the twinkling of an eye. We have destroyed many 
a nation like yourselves. Will you not take 
warning? All their deed are in their books: every 
action, small or great, is noted down. The righteous 
shall dwell in gardens watered by running brooks, 
honourably seated in the presence of a Mighty 
King. 


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